Pinnacle Sociology & Anthropology

July 2016, Vol.2 (2).

© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research Article


Gas Flaring In Nigeria: An Abridgment Of Human/ Fundamental Rights

Iguh, Amaka Adaora

Lecturer, Faculty Of Law,
Nnamdi Azikiwe University,
Awka, Nigeria.

Accepted 24 July, 2016; Available Online 25 July, 2016.


Nigeria's oil wealth has been exploited for more than 45 years. While various Oil companies like Shell, ExxonMobil and TotalFinaElf, have profited from the resource, local communities in the oil rich but conflict-raven areas live with the daily pollution, caused by non-stop gas flaring, where the gas associated with oil extraction is burnt off into the atmosphere. More gas is flared in Nigeria than anywhere else in the world. In Western Europe 99 percent of associated gas is used or re-injected into the ground1. But in Nigeria, despite regulations introduced more than 20 years ago to outlaw the practice, most associated gas is flared, causing local pollution and contributing to climate change. This article looks at the background to gas flaring and the environment and health risks.

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